佛陀如何辯論?


0

他是想說服還是說服人們?他是朝他們走去還是讓他們來傳播法輪?當他聽不懂或聽不到聲音時,他會如何反應?

我已經註意到,我經常傾向於在辯論中迷失方向,試圖說服我的對話者信奉佛教的真相,當他不聽我的意見或不同意我的意見時,我會很生氣,然後我就怪我自己首先是辯論。然後,我常常覺得自己應該保持安靜,而我還記得這句話:

He detested objective truths, the burden of argument, sustained reasoning. He disliked demonstrating, he wanted to convince no one. Others are a dialectician’s invention.

  • Cioran, The Trouble with Being Born

我們是否應該保持"在拯救別人之前先救自己"的邏輯?

1

He was giving analytical and categorical answers in due time. Stayed on topic. Didn't show hostility. Posed counter questions in due time. Did not back down. Was not intimidated.

It is not a complete list.


4

The Pali suttas say the Dhamma is taught only to those who are interested, per AN 9.5:

The best sort of kindly speech is to teach the Dhamma again and again to someone who is engaged and who lends an ear.

Etadaggaṃ, bhikkhave, peyyavajjānaṃ yadidaṃ atthikassa ohitasotassa punappunaṃ dhammaṃ deseti.

https://suttacentral.net/an9.5/en/sujato

The Pali suttas say debate is not the purpose of Dhamma, per MN 22:

They just memorize the teaching for the sake of finding fault and winning debates. They don’t realize the goal for which they memorized them. Because they’re wrongly grasped, those teachings lead to their lasting harm and suffering. Why is that? Because of their wrong grasp of the teachings.

https://suttacentral.net/mn22/en/sujato

The Pali suttas generally show the Buddha debated people who visited him to debate him, such as MN 35:

Now at that time Saccaka, the son of Jain parents, was staying in Vesālī. He was a debater and clever speaker regarded as holy by many people. He was telling a crowd in Vesālī: “If I was to take them on in debate, I don’t see any ascetic or brahmin—leader of an order or a community, or the teacher of a community, even one who claims to be a perfected one, a fully awakened Buddha—who would not shake and rock and tremble, sweating from the armpits".

Hopefully, some time or other I’ll get to meet Master Gotama, and we can have a discussion. And hopefully I can dissuade him from his harmful misconceptions.”

https://suttacentral.net/mn35/en/sujato