羅密歐與朱麗葉的本沃里奧與默爾庫蒂奧


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羅密歐與朱麗葉中的Benvolio和Mercutio的角色象徵著什麼?Mercutio的性格主要是開玩笑,然後他的頭腦熱硬地被Tybalt殺死。

本伏里奧起初試圖吸引羅密歐對羅莎琳的關注,然後試圖制止第一個提巴爾和默爾庫提奧之間與羅密歐之間的暴力,然後製止羅密歐和蒂巴爾之間的暴力。然後,在羅密歐(Romeo)殺死蒂巴爾(Tybalt)之後,他向威尼斯王子報告了發生了什麼事。

這兩個字符是否具有特殊含義,是否特別代表任何質量或代表莎士比亞時代的觀眾所認可的某個人?

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The names of these two characters, which are introduced in actual spoken lines (not just speech prefixes or Dramatis Personae) within the first two scenes, would largely have answered this question for an Elizabethan audience. Benvolio is Italian for I mean well—cf. the word benevolent. Mercutio is the prime example of the mercurial temperament in John Draper’s The Humors & Shakespeare’s Characters (Duke UP 1945, rpt. AMS 1965). A mercurial temperament is an unstable one in which each of the four humors prevails by turns.