在莎士比亞的《亨利四世》第一部分中,哈里·霍斯特布爾被描繪成反派嗎?


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研究過莎士比亞的戲劇《亨利四世》第一部分,並在斯特拉特福觀看了該劇的表演,但我仍不確定我們如何看待亨利·珀西(Harry Hotspur)的性格。

很明顯,他是另一位哈里王子的挫敗者,也是故事的主要對手,兩個哈里兄弟之間的鬥爭正處於劇情的高潮中。但是,他被描繪成一個邪惡的惡棍,還是僅僅扮演一個與主角相反的角色?cf.例如理查德三世(Richard III),他在同名劇中絕對被描述為反派人物-我對霍斯普爾從未有過相同的感受。

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He is a hero.

The whole play is a "morality" play, with a virtue/vice comparison between Falstaff and Hotspur. But the twist is, from the outset, that Falstaff is really the virtue (wise, biblical, popular), while Hotspur is lost in vanity (harebrained, hot blooded) - but brave and honourable, like a legendary giant, with a devout, idealistic maiden in tow:

Prince Hal: ...I am not yet of Percy's mind, the Hotspur of the north, he that kills me some six or seven dozen of Scots at a breakfast, washes his hands, and says to his wife “Fie upon this quiet life! I want work.” “O my sweet Harry,” says she, “how many hast thou killed today?” “Give my roan horse a drench,” says he, and answers “Some fourteen,” an hour after. “A trifle, a trifle.". Act 2, Scene 4.

Hotspur is chivalry, and is considered on the whole to be living up to the expectation of his time. But, ultimately, in vain:

Falstaff: ...There's honour for you! Here's no vanity! Act 5, Scene 3.

and slightly earlier

Falstaff: What is honour? A word...Honour is a mere scutcheon - and so ends my catechism. Act 5, Scene 1.

He is definitely not a villain. Perhaps there is similarity to Hamlet, who is lost in vain. Also, for his hot-bloodedness, I can see similarities with Sonny in The Godfather:

Clemenza: I hope you're not a hot head like your brother Sonny, you can't talk business with him. The Godfather.

Is Sonny a villain in the Godfather? No way.

Perhaps Hotspur's actions are not on the whole "recommended" by Shakespeare, in some sense, but he is given the role of a hero, not a villain. It is more likely Falstaff is the villain. Consider Henry IV Part 2, where Falstaff is ultimately cast out, and Henry V, where Bardolph is hanged. But then, he is too likeable. So there is a deep character comparison going on. If there is a villain, what is being driven out is Hal's un-kingly life. He is fulfilling his potential. So personalities are so bright and vivacious in the play, it is the opposite (dullness) which is being driven out "with a dagger of lath", leaving the fulfilment of Hal as Henry V (again, like in the Godfather).