聲明" PED彌補了遺傳缺陷"是否有效?


5

我聽到這樣的假設,即PED(性能增強藥物)彌補了運動員的遺傳缺陷,因此PED使這項運動更加"公平"。

我並不真的在乎哲學方面(假設的第二部分)。我對第一部分感興趣。

我與中/高級運動中的一些人談論這個假設(我想其中一些人實際上使用了PED),他們在某種程度上同意。但是,沒有人聽起來有100%的自信。

陳述 PED彌補了運動員的遺傳缺陷是否正確?我了解此類問題並非是黑人或白人,因此問題可能更像是 該聲明在什麼程度上有效

也可以在以下示例中提出問題:

考慮某項特定運動的運動員。就體重,力量,速度和/或耐力(既不是身高也不是類似的硬編碼參數)而言,該運動員在遺傳上不適合該特定運動。

該運動員是否可以通過使用合適的PED來匹配遺傳上更適合該項目的運動員?這個運動員能打敗他們嗎?還是PED不足以匹配它們?弱勢運動員會比更"天才"的運動員更多地受益於PED嗎?對於已經具有良好遺傳特徵的運動員,從PED中獲益的能力是否受到更多限制?

請注意,我所談論的PED使用協議對於非法的職業運動是"可行的"(我也知道給定運動/國家/聯盟對"非法"問題的解釋存在很大差異)。

我對觀點或有趣的故事並不感興趣。我問的是一些大樣本研究或長期觀察總結,似乎是有效的。

-2

This simply is the opposite. Think if everyone took PEDs...

Understand -

  1. Genetically some bodies are more apt to have a higher muscle density.
  2. Some bodies can carry more muscle.
  3. Some bodies have stronger ligaments and cartilage.

So everyone takes PEDs, everyone works out the same, and let's take skill out of the equation (for the sports that require skill). Then you will simply have the tallest, most genetically available people that are the best athletes.

Out of this "supreme" group, they will lift, run, whatever. Their body will hit a building limit based on activity. This limit has probably been hit by some current athletes who have taken PEDs. Then out of this "supreme" group their knees will start to blow out, their hip abductors will not be able to handle the torque, their elbows will blow...

And then you are left with the people whose bodies whether genetically or luck don't crumble with the extra muscle, speed, and tension. This is pure genetics and the exact opposite of a level playing field. If everyone does PEDs someone under 5'8" just never runs track or plays most sports.

There is no research for things like this. Your research is the baseball players that have had hip issues after PEDs, the football players that tear their knees up, and some golfers (who have mysterious hip injuries and go from best player in the world to dud). Your research is in the news everyday.


1

From a basic perspective of function, the majority of (if not all) performance-enhancing drugs do not target innate deficiencies that are due to genetics, they merely affect some bodily system in a way that improves athletic performance (hence the obvious name) regardless of whether the need for such improvement is of genetic, environmental, developmental or other origin.

It is possible that the bodily system so affected has an innate deficiency which is partly or wholly based on genetic determination - for example, an athlete may have a nerve disorder that requires beta blockers as regular treatment, even though this would be doping when done by someone else to improve their fine motor control. There are processes to manage the case where someone is in both groups, but in these cases it is clear that the PED is designed to provide functionality up to the extent of what might be called "normal" performance, not to provide capability of going beyond this into athletic competition.

The PED is not compensating for genetic disadvantage, any more than eating a better diet is compensating for the "genetic disadvantage" of a less effective digestive system or that studying tactics every day is compensating for the "genetic disadvantage" of a less effective memory (or a brain structure or nervous system less suitable for high performance sport than some equivalent athlete). It may coincidentally have that effect, but in practice, doping is used to provide a competitive advantage relative to normal capability, not to bring such performance up to that point in the first place.