當直接提及我的工作和經歷時,如何避免在報告中使用第一人稱?


3

我被要求寫一份關於我在大學任職期間工作的公司的報告(我正在研究工程計劃)。對於報告的內容應該提供的指導沒有太多,這是我被告知的:

First Report – this is informally known as the “Company” report and is submitted in December of your placement year. It is a 3,000 word report that should give an overview of the Company: its place within its industry sector and your place within it.

我無需使用第一人稱就可以編寫大部分內容,因為在此期間我並不需要自己提及自己,但是,在討論審閱風格時,添加了此要求:

Reports should incorporate some element of review and self-reflection, indicating what you have learnt from the placement and how it is likely to shape your future career choices.

我認為在第一人稱之外的任何地方寫一段自我反思絕對沒有任何目的,只是使整個事情變得更加混亂和不夠精確。我能想到的唯一方法是或多或少地簡單地將" I"的所有實例更改為" Authour"。也許我錯了(如果正確的話,請糾正我),但是我覺得這並不能寫清楚。

考慮到這一點,我在報告結尾處以第一人稱對自己進行了簡短的自我審查。我的導師告訴我,如果不進行更改,我將失去分數,這是毫無疑問的。

現在是我的實際問題。除了上面描述的方式之外,我是否可以使用第一人稱直接寫關於經驗和學習技能的方法?有人在不編寫令人困惑且坦率的聽起來很奇怪的報告的情況下,有什麼技巧可以解決這個問題嗎?

3

One way out of this problem is to use the passive voice. It's the bane of fiction but it might be exactly what you need here.

Present yourself has the object of the experience, instead of the subject. For instance:

  • Lessons Learned. In order to work efficiently at the company, one has to increase their communication skills to the point where they can communicate across technical domains.

  • The organisational structure of the company is rigid and generates compartments which makes studying its culture difficult but, conversely, helps the operational analysis of each department.

  • The production process is made opaque by the lack of a global production schedule.

In the last example, your own experience is even implied, not stated, but it still remains clear that it's your personal viewpoint.


0

There is one other trick that I and many others have used. Make a character with a name or title, and have that person observe the action. Clearly, it's still you, but it depersonalizes it somewhat.

The writing enthusiast read over his answer, and decided it could use more information. But he was reluctant to give too many details. He thought that each writing project was unique, and didn't want to force his opinion on the person who had asked the question.

At the least, he thought, it avoids drowning in the passive voice. Maybe that will be enough to help the frustrated writer to get started.


1

I am a graduate from an an engineering program, and I often was taught that passive voice in technical and scientific writing can be preferred for cases like this. The rationale is that most documentation in industry or research contains information that will (ideally) be instructive, transferable, and/or reproducible. However, you should generally avoid the ambiguous "one should do this..." and other uses of "one" as a generic pronoun unless the situation really calls for it. "One" is often used as an awkward substitute for a better sentence structure.

That being said, definitely check with your instructor to see if they allow first person in your reflection. Different instructors have different opinions and there is unfortunately not one convention on person and voice in engineering student writing assignments.

In your first excerpt from the assignment, make sure you describe the position you're holding and its place in the company with an emphasis on how the position interfaces with the company and the company values/goals, not how you interface with the position.

If you get confirmation that you must avoid first person, the second excerpt from the assignment is a little more difficult but still possible to write. You can follow and expand a template similar to "Challenges confronted in this position include [challenges encountered]. This position provides the opportunity to develop [these skills], which in the future can be transferable to [a future role or career goal]."