我在整個學習過程中學到的關於寫作規則的明顯矛盾


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我注意到我在整個英語教學中所學的內容存在一些不一致之處,希望對此加以澄清。我認為問題的性質介於"語法"和"英語教學法"之間。

*如果對此問題不適用於撰寫stackexchange,請提前致歉。我是社區的新手。請隨時將問題酌情遷移到其他社區。

**就背景而言,我是自然科學系的一名學生,他在美國接受了大部分教育,但來自非英語國家。

以下是此類矛盾的一些例子:

I。)在高中時,我被教導不要寫"隨便的句子",但是在大學裡,我並不灰心。實際上,我讀過的許多作家似乎在很多地方都寫了一些句子。

II。)在高中時,我被告知不要在寫作中使用被動語態。(得到我的原因是它不必要地延長了句子的時間。)同樣,在大學期間,我並不灰心。

一個更極端的例子:

III。)在小學時,我被告知一篇論文應由五個段落組成。(關於這五個段落的外觀,還有其他規範。)顯然,這不是我在高中和大學所教的。

我認為存在這些"不一致之處"是因為寫作是一件很難教的事,並且一開始就用很多規則和約束來教他們(如示例III)。然後,隨著學生的成熟,老師會教給學生更為精緻的"良好寫作"版本。因此,許多以前的規則都被取消了。

我的問題:

在應如何教授英語方面是否有普遍共識(例如,英語教育者或學者)?(特別是,在寫作中使用被動語態還是用句子朗誦會更好?)

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As @F1Krazy said, it isn't really an inconsistence. A beginner learner - in any area - is first taught the general rule and trained on a certain logic. Later, as they master those concepts and logic, exceptions and finer details are added in.

I'll give you an example from learning English as a foreign language: first, students are taught that Present Continuous is used only for temporary actions happening now and use it in exercises for that effect. Then, the distinction between 'temporary action now' vs. 'facts, routines and opinions' is added in and practiced until both structure and ability to distinguish between the two from context are flowing well. Later, they are taught that it can be used for talking about future arrangements. Even later, they are taught that it can be used for exageration (you're always making noise).

If all that information were given at one time, it would be too much. Moreover, the use for exageration would clash against the most usual use of 'always' for routines and students would get lost and frustrated. Especially children.

Similarly, it's easier to write a well organised text if you're using short sentences and the paragraphs are draconically rigid. That way, students learn - through practice - to organise their ideas in a clear-cut way. As their ability improves, they won't need such rigidity as they'll know when to use the rules, how to bend them and when to break them as a way to transmit their ideas more accurately.